Typhoid Fever Vaccines

//Typhoid Fever Vaccines
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Typhoid Fever is Avoidable

Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. Common worldwide, it is transmitted by ingestion of food or water contaminated with feces from an infected person. A gastrointestinal condition mainly in the developing world. It is caused by a bacterial infection, usually as a form of food poisoning. A few simple precautions easily avoid the illness. How to avoid typhoid fever:

Typhoid Fever is Rare in Travelers

There are roughly 346 per year in the united states, 70% of these are acquired while traveling internationally (73 new cases of typhoid was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)) 0.28 per 100,000 in Canada 2000, 0.4 new cases of typhoid per 100,000 population was notified in Australia. Vaccination is inappropriate.

Typhoid Fever NOT a Killer

Mortality rate: 12-30% without treatment, but with treatment the prognosis if very favorable.???? Death comes to us all at a rate a little less than 1% per year in the USA,

Typhoid Fever Easily Treated

Three commonly prescribed antibiotics are ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and ciprofloxacin. Persons given antibiotics usually begin to feel better within 2 to 3 days, and deaths rarely occur.

Encyclopedia: Typhoid Fever

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typhoid

Typhoid Fever Fact Sheet

http://health.utah.gov/epi/fact_sheets/typhoid.html

 

Typhoid Fever Vaccines by Brand

Typh-vax (Oral) Vaccine Oral Typhoid Vaccine
Manufacturer Berna Biotech Ltd
Microorganism Salmonella typhi
Licensed
Recommendations Adults and children over 6 years, take one capsule of Typh-Vax (Oral) every second day.
Ingredients Gelatin, Sucrose, Lactose, Ethylene glycol, Salmonella Typhi bacteria, Ascorbic acid, Protein hydrolysate, Magnesium stearate, Hydroxypropyl methycellulose phthalate, Titanium dioxide, Iron oxide yellow ci77492, Iron oxide red ci77491, Dibutyl phthalate, Diethyl phthalate
Product Descriptions Package insert

Vivaxim Salmonella typhi Vi polysaccharide and inactivated hepatitis A virus antigen vaccine
Manufacturer Aventis Pasteur SA
Microorganism Salmonella typhi, hepatitis A
Licensed 06/20/1991
Recommendations Age 16 or over, 14 days before exposure, booster after 6-12 months.
Ingredients Aluminum hydroxide, Formaldehyde, Neomycin, Sodium chloride, Sodium phosphate-monobasic, Sodium phosphate-dibasic dodecahydrate, Bovine (cow) serum, Medium 199, Virus: Hepatitis A, Salmonella Typhi bacteria
Product Descriptions Consumer leaflet

Vivotif® Typhoid Vaccine Live Oral Ty21a
Manufacturer Berna Biotech Limited
Microorganism Salmonella typhi
Licensed 06/20/1991
Recommendations Age 6+ years, one capsule per day on day 1, 3, 5, and 7.
Ingredients Gelatin, Sucrose, Yeast, Lactose, Acid hydrolysate (casein), Amino acids, Salmonella Typhi bacteria, Ascorbic acid, Magnesium stearate, Dextrose, Galactose, Aspartame
Product Descriptions Package insert

Hepatyrix Hepatitis A (inactivated) and Typhoid Polysaccharide vaccine (adsorbed)
Manufacturer GlaxoSmithKline
Microorganism Salmonella typhi (Ty2 strain), Hepatitis A
Licensed 6/22/2004
Recommendations A single injection of 1.0 ml is recommended for both adults and adolescents aged 15 years and older.
Ingredients Aluminum hydroxide, Human Diploid cells: MRC5 proteins, Sodium chloride, Virus: Hepatitis A
Product Descriptions Package insert

ViATIM Hepatitis A (Inactivated, adsorbed) and Typhoid polysaccharide vaccine
Manufacturer Sanofi Pasteur MSD
Microorganism Hepatitis A and Typhoid polysaccharide
Licensed 11/22/2002
Recommendations Age 16 or older, 0, 6-12 months.
Ingredients Aluminum hydroxide, Formaldehyde, Neomycin, 2 – Phenoxyethanol, Polysorbate 80, Sodium chloride, Medium 199, Disodium phosphate dehydrate, Virus: Hepatitis A, Vibrio polysaccharide antigen, Sodium dihydrogen phosphate dehydrate
Product Descriptions Package insert